As we have previous discussed in male perspective, the word “empower” is an internal phenomenon that refers to endow one with a specific power. In the social context, the process of women empowerment involves that power is endowed from the powerful entities to the powerless in the society and allows the marginalized and week to have access to the tools and the materials which are needed to forget their destinies. In 1995, the National Report for the Fourth UN World Conference for Women admitted that;

“Women continue to suffer in the face of oppressive patriarchal structures, rigid orthodox norms, and stifling socio-cultural customs and traditions in Pakistan.”


In Pakistan, there is male dominant society and ultimately male-dominant politics. Patriarchal society and social stereotypes dismiss the capabilities of women and cause hurdles in the way of women empowerment. In Pakistan’s political situation, major political seats are in the hand of men, and women are delimited to the soft profiles only. It decreases their level of women empowerment in Pakistan.

According to population indicators report of World Bank 2011;

“Women constitute 49% of Pakistan’s population, being unutilized in the national development due to their low skill, less education and less empowerment in the realm of politics”.

When it comes to the issue of empowerment, the constitution of Pakistan recognizes the equality of every person and the right to equal protection. It makes discrimination based on gender illegal and calls for positive measures by the state for women. To ensure equal participation of women in policymaking, it is necessary to implement gender quotas that will surely recruit women into political positions.

Men and women are an important part of society. But in today’s male dominant society, the female population has been a marginalized group of society. The phenomenon of empowerment demonstrates that women were initially disempowered and as a relapse, they are encouraged to hold power for the well-being of their entire family and society but firstly for their own selves. The empowerment of women is usually seen concerning men. The status of men in society is a measuring tool for determining the empowerment of women in their role in society. Their empowerment is also a threat to the singular rule of men but it does not imply disempowering the men as they both can stay in power equally. This empowerment is based upon reflecting the physical and material aspects of life along with emotional and intellectual development.

 Women need to raise their confidence and self-esteem to get independent economically. She needs to be sensitized to her status in society and its implications in society so that she can raise the physical scales of empowerment. The image of women in our society is as that of mother and wife – the private and not the public one.

Our today’s society has been dissected based on gender. Men are allowed to do anything whatever they want while women are restricted to follow the household rules to go anywhere. During this unjust division, women have exploited members of society whereas men are on the giving end of power. Power, in this context, is not a neutral factor. The issues of sexuality in this modern society are at the heart of the whole working of power. In our society, passive jobs are associated with women while jobs of power and that which require activity are linked to men. 

By various philosophers including Aristotle, Plato, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Rousseau, women are considered secondary as compared to men on their social rules. They used to argue to conclude that politics is only a male prerogative and women are not mentally and physically fit to participate equally in politics. 

The empowerment of women is incomplete without providing them their equal participation in an endeavor to lead the nation. Although it is a wrong perception as when women can grow up their child while making him a good human being then how is it possible that they cannot lead the nation. Out of 50%females in Pakistan, only 5 to 10% of females participating in politics, and still it is rare for women to acquire the highest political positions in politics. Our society needs to be educated to empower women in all aspects of life and society.

Women issues need to be solved by the representatives of the country who are in power and are an active part of decision bodies locally, nationally, and internationally. The issues need to be solved to empower women are nationalist and racial struggles and economic survival of themselves and their children and other women right issues.

In the traditional patriarchal society of Pakistan, women are expected to be more independent than men and in this context, the empowerment of women sounds only theoretically not practically. The role of Pakistani women in politics is determined by the customs and traditions of society. Women can enjoy equal rights via customary law but they will still face certain issues and limitations given by society. It has been demonstrated that women can enjoy, practice, and assert more power in parliaments and other spheres of their lives.


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